birt barcode maximo SETTING UP A WEB HOST AND INSTALLING DRUPAL in Font

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SETTING UP A WEB HOST AND INSTALLING DRUPAL
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Figure 2-17. Site information and the main administrator account are entered when configuring your site. Server settings and update notifications must be configured, as shown in Figure 2-18. Select your default country and time zone. This can be any time zone of your choosing; it is used by a number of modules, so I usually pick the time zone in which the client is located. You can also enable both Check for updates automatically and Receive e-mail notifications to receive e-mails to the main administrator account when either core Drupal or a contributed module has an update (in other words, Drupal 7-1 to 7-2).
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Figure 2-18. Server settings and update notifications must be entered when configuring your site.
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After Drupal has been successfully installed and configured, you now need to fix the orange message by changing the permissions of a few folders and files. Using SSH Secure Client, navigate to the foundationdrupal7.com folder, right-click, and select Properties; then set the permission to 755, as shown in Figure 2-19.
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Figure 2-19. The site configuration directory s permissions must be reset to 755 after install. You also need to change the permissions of settings.php back to 644, as shown in Figure 2-20.
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Figure 2-20. The site s settings.php file must be set back to 644 after install. Congratulations, your Drupal installation is complete (see Figure 2-21).
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Figure 2-21. The Drupal installation complete page
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SETTING UP A WEB HOST AND INSTALLING DRUPAL
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You can now continue to your new site. If you do not follow any of the preceding steps or your host does not meet minimum Drupal requirements, an error message will appear at the top of the admin section (see Figure 2-22). Click the Configuration link in the administrative toolbar to see whether you have an error message. Click the status report link to view all errors.
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Figure 2-22. After installing Drupal and continuing to the site, an error message will appear if any problems are detected.
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Summary
I covered quite a bit of material about installing Drupal in this chapter. I started at the very beginning: how to select a web host and minimum requirements your host will need to meet. I then talked through how to set up your host using cPanel, touching upon topics such as creating a database and pointing the domain at your host. I discussed downloading and installing Drupal, the significance of the sites directory, and how a web site s domain name is used as the folder s name. After changing folder and file permissions, I talked you through the various steps required to configure a site during installation.
3
Configuring a Basic Drupal Web Site
In this chapter, I review almost everything you need to know to build a basic web site in Drupal. I start with a basic review of the development processes that I use to develop sites and explain how I tend to divide site building into two phases, development and theming. I then talk about several important Drupal topics, including blocks, menus, and themes. My goal is to give you a solid foundation so you can go forth and create. You may want to skim 4 and 8 before reading this chapter, just to help you understand some of the other details. I also recommend installing your own version of Drupal and following along, or you can log in at www.FoundationDrupal7.com.
An iterative approach
An iterative approach to software development describes the method in which an application is developed. The basic idea is to create an application in iterations, starting from a working prototype and adding features incrementally. A new piece of functionality is delivered through each iteration. Several software development methodologies use an iterative approach, including IBM s Rational Unified Process and methods based on the agile development framework. The model places an emphasis on learning, adaptation, and teamwork, allowing developers to build on what was learned during the development of earlier versions of the system. There are many insights gained from iterative development methods that apply to building a Drupalpowered web site:
An installed Drupal web site is a working prototype that you can add features to incrementally. Every enabled module adds a new piece of functionality. Sections and features should be developed incrementally, not all at once.
Building a Drupal site is different from building an HTML/CSS site in many aspects. Primarily, there is a clear distinction between content and markup. Because content is managed separately from graphics,
I ve found that it s much easier to create your content first and then build the theme around it. My recommendation is to configure as much of the site as possible before theming, with the goal of creating content, blocks, menus, and page views that can transfer between themes. When it comes time to theme, you then devote your time to arranging markup and displaying graphics using HTML and CSS. This logical distinction makes it easier to update graphics in the future by simply dropping a new theme in the themes folder. Practically speaking, this means a site takes on two different stages. In the first stage, I am simply adding content, arranging blocks, adding menu links, enabling modules, and more. Once I am finished with this stage, I have a blank site that has all the content and functionality but no graphics; it is simply white and black with some blue links (see Figure 3-1). Note that this site is using the Zen theme and not the default Garland theme.
Figure 3-1. The site RocBoxing.com after it has been configured but before it has been themed. Note that this site is using the Zen theme and not the default Garland theme. There are times when it s fine to add images to your content. My general rule of thumb is that if a graphic is uploaded through Drupal, then the graphic should be added while configuring your site. For example, the Article content type includes a field to upload an image. Or you may upload an image through your WYSIWYG editor. These are fields and graphics controlled and displayed by Drupal, not through CSS. You will spend the remainder of this chapter focusing on creating content, menu links, and blocks. Although there is no right or wrong way to configure a site, I have found that following a basic sitedevelopment outline helps improve my proficiency and reduce the number of mistakes made. Here are the basic steps to take when configuring a site: 1. 2. 3. Make sure all the basic site settings are accurate, such as the file system, default e-mail address, and so on. Set up sitewide blocks and menu blocks (do not add links), and assign them to regions, including those entered manually and those provided by a module. Create content using Drupal s default content types (covered in 1), or alternately create your own content type (covered in 4).
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