print barcode in asp.net c# 5: Writing a Property List for Management in Font

Drawing QR-Code in Font 5: Writing a Property List for Management

CHAPTER 5: Writing a Property List for Management
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/etc/passwd /etc/group
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_amavisd Computers Groups Users Computers _jabber Users gneagle Groups marczak everyone staff
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Figure 5-1. Simplistic (and incomplete) example view of Apple s directory hierarchy
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In Figure 5-1, you ll note the root, represented by the forward slash character (/). Other branches of this tree descend from the root. In this diagram, the level just below the root represents the different directory service plug-ins----BSD, LDAP, and the local node. If a machine had Active Directory configured, it would appear here, too. Each of these branches can have other branches, and will ultimately end in leaf nodes or individual records. For example, under the path /Local/Default/Users are the user records for _amavisd, _jabberd, gneagle, and marczak. Each object in the hierarchy is either a container, or a record that resides in some specific container.
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CHAPTER 5: Writing a Property List for Management
To further that point, the local record for the group staff would be said to be found at /Local/Default/Groups/staff. staff is the actual record. Each record is comprised of a set of attributes and values. Each record in a given container will be constructed from the same set of attributes. It s the values given to those attributes that make each record unique----like a record in a database. When we query the contents of this record ( staff ), we see the following attributes and values:
AppleMetaNodeLocation: /Local/Default GeneratedUID: ABCDEFAB-CDEF-ABCD-EFAB-CDEF00000014 GroupMembers: AF54E0FF-7F61-A537-B51A-670997A5E774 GroupMembership: root Password: * PrimaryGroupID: 20 RealName: Staff RecordName: staff RecordType: dsRecTypeStandard:Groups SMBSID: S-1-5-32-545
In this record, the value of RecordName ----in other words, the group name----is staff . Each group in Mac OS X gets a Generated UID associated with it, and this is stored in the GeneratedUID attribute. The PrimaryGroupID attribute is the glue between Apple s internal record-keeping and POSIX groups. However, there s only one thing to understand with respect to our needs: Managed Preferences (MCX) are just more attributes and values that get associated with a given record. There are two attributes needed: MCXFlags and MCXSettings. The MCXFlags attribute simply alerts Mac OS X to the fact that this record has MCX data to be applied. The MCXSettings attribute contains the actual settings to be applied. Both attributes store these values as----you guessed it----property list files (.plist). The MCXSettings attribute in a record stores an XML-based .plist file containing the actual XML plists to be delivered to clients.
Preferred Tools for Creating, Testing, and Deploying Managed Preferences
We ve already looked at utilities to help write a general .plist file. There are additional utilities that allow you to work with this .plist information in the context of the directory. Let s explore those now.
CHAPTER 5: Writing a Property List for Management
Using Workgroup Manager
Workgroup Manager is the easiest of the tools to use. As an Apple GUI tool, it basically just does the right thing. However, it s not solely a property list editor. As primarily a GUI for configuring users, groups and computers, It s not really much of a traditional editor at all. Workgroup Manager does know all about Managed Preferences, though. NOTE: If you haven t installed the Server Admin Tools as mentioned in 2, What You'll Need, you ll need to do that to follow along in this chapter. Go download the installer and set yourself up now.
Creating a Property List File
Workgroup Manager.app is found in the /Applications/Server directory. Launch it now and you should be looking at a login dialog box similar to that shown in Figure 5-2.
Figure 5-2. Workgroup Manager sign-in dialog
Don t worry----for our purposes you won t need to log in at all. To move forward here, click on the Server menu, and then choose the View Directories menu item. (CommandD is a shortcut for this menu command). Once done, you ll see a warning displayed, as shown in Figure 5-3.
CHAPTER 5: Writing a Property List for Management
Figure 5-3. Workgroup Manager local-only warning
Since 5.30 Workgroup Manager is typically used to work on centralized, networkbased directories, this warning is just letting you know that you re now looking at the local directory on your Macintosh. Despite Apple s intentions, this is exactly what we want right now, as we do want to be looking at the local not-visible-to-thenetwork directory. Since we re going to be doing this a fair amount, you may want to check the Do not show this warning again check box before clicking OK. Once you ve cleared the warning, you ll be looking at the main Workgroup Manager window shown in Figure 5-4.
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