java qr code generator example Policing access to Ajax data streams in Java

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Policing access to Ajax data streams
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Table 7.2
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Fine-grained web API for Battleship game setup phase Arguments userid userid shiplength coordinates (x,y) format orientation (N,S,E or W) Return Data Acknowledgment Acknowledgment or error
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URL clearBoard.do positionShip.do
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The second design is a coarse-grained approach, in which a single service call clears the board and positions all pieces. Under this approach, the server is hit only once during setup. Table 7.3 describes this alternative API.
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Table 7.3 Coarse-grained web API for Battleship game setup phase Arguments userid coordinates array of (x,y,length, orientation) structs Return Data Acknowledgment or error
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URL setupBoard.do
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We already contrasted these two styles of service architecture when we discussed SOA in chapter 5. The single network call is more efficient and provides better decoupling between tiers, but it also helps us to secure our game. Under the fine-grained approach, the client takes on the responsibility of checking that the correct number and type of pieces are placed, and the server model takes on the responsibility of verifying the correctness of the system at the end of the setup. Under the coarse-grained approach, this checking is also written into the document format of the service call. Once setup is completed, an additional service call is defined to represent a turn of the game, in which one player tries to guess the position of another s ship. By the nature of the game, this has to be a fine-grained service call representing a guess for a single square, as shown in table 7.4.
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Table 7.4 Web API for Battleship game play phase (used for both fine- and coarse-grained setup styles) URL guessPosition.do Arguments userid coordinates (x,y) Return Type hit, miss, or not your turn plus update of other player s last guess
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Under correct game play, both users may set up their pieces in any order and will then call the URL guessPosition.do in turn. The server will police the order of play, returning a not your turn response if a player tries to play out of turn. Let s now put on our black hats and try to hack the game. We ve written a client that is able to call the web service API in any order it likes. What can we do to tip the odds in our favor We can t give ourselves extra turns because the server monitors that it s part of the published API. One possible cheat is to move a piece after the setup phase is finished. Under the fine-grained architecture, we can try calling positionShip.do while the game is in progress. If the server code has been well written, it will note that this is against the rules and return a negative acknowledgment. However, we have nothing to lose by trying, and it is up to the server-side developer to anticipate these misuses and code defensively around them. On the other hand, if the server is using the coarse-grained API, it isn t possible to move individual pieces without also clearing the entire board. Fine-tuning the game in your favor isn t a possibility. A coarse-grained API limits the flexibility of any malicious hacker, without compromising the usability for law-abiding users. Under a well-designed server model, use of a fine-grained API shouldn t present any exploits, but the number of entry points for potential exploits is much higher, and the burden of checking these entry points for security flaws rests firmly with the server tier developer. In section 5.3.4, we suggested using a Fa ade to simplify the API exposed by a service-oriented architecture. We recommend doing so again here, from a security standpoint, because a simpler set of entry points from the Internet is easier to police. Design can limit the exposure of our application to external entities, but we still need to offer some entry points for our legitimate Ajax client to use. In the following section, we examine ways of securing these entry points.
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