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Listing 5.14 UpdatePropertyCommand object
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planets.commands.UpdatePropertyCommand=function(owner,field,value){"_"+field; this.obj=owner; this.field=field; this.value=value; } planets.commands.UpdatePropertyCommand.toRequestString=function(){
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return { type:"updateProperty",,, field:this.field, value:this.value }.simpleXmlify("command"); } planets.commands.UpdatePropertyCommand.parseResponse=function(docEl){ var attrs=docEl.attributes; var status=attrs.getNamedItem("status").value; if (status!="ok"){ var reason=attrs.getNamedItem("message").value; alert("failed to update " +this.field+" to "+this.value +"\n\n"+reason); } }
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The command simply provides a unique ID for the command and encapsulates the parameters needed on the server. The toRequestString() function writes itself as a piece of XML, using a custom function that we have attached to the Object prototype:
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Object.prototype.simpleXmlify=function(tagname){ var xml="<"+tagname; for (i in this){ if (!this[i] instanceof Function){ xml+=" "+i+"=\""+this[i]+"\""; } } xml+="/>"; return xml; }
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This will create a simple XML tag like this (formatted by hand for clarity):
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<command type='updateProperty' id='001_diameter' planetId='mercury' field='diameter' value='3'/>
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Note that the unique ID consists only of the planet ID and the property name. We can t send multiple edits of the same value to the server. If we do edit a property several times before the queue fires, each later value will overwrite earlier ones.
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The POST data sent to the server will contain one or more of these tags, depending on the polling frequency and how busy the user is. The server process needs to process each command and store the results in a similar response. Our CommandQueue s onload will match each tag in the response to the Command object in the sent queue and then invoke that Command s parseResponse method. In this case, we are simply looking for a status attribute, so the response might look like this:
<commands> <command id='001_diameter' status='ok'/> <command id='003_albedo' status='failed' message='value out of range'/> <command id='004_hairColor' status='failed' message='invalid property name'/> </commands>
Mercury s diameter has been updated, but two other updates have failed, and a reason has been given in each case. Our user has been informed of the problems (in a rather basic fashion using the alert() function) and can take remedial action. The server-side component that handles these requests needs to be able to break the request data into commands and assign each command to an appropriate handler object for processing. As each command is processed, the result will be written back to the HTTP response. A simple implementation of a Java servlet for handling this task is given in listing 5.15.
Listing 5.15
public class CommandServlet extends HttpServlet { private Map commandTypes=null; public void init() throws ServletException { ServletConfig config=getServletConfig(); commandTypes=new HashMap(); Configure handlers on startup boolean more=true; for(int counter=1;more;counter++){ String typeName=config.getInitParameter("type"+counter); String typeImpl=config.getInitParameter("impl"+counter); if (typeName==null || typeImpl==null){ more=false; }else{ try{ Class cls=Class.forName(typeImpl); commandTypes.put(typeName,cls); }catch (ClassNotFoundException clanfex){ this.log(
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"couldn't resolve handler class name " +typeImpl); } } } } protected void doPost( HttpServletRequest req, HttpServletResponse resp ) throws IOException{ resp.setContentType("text/xml"); Process a request Reader reader=req.getReader(); Writer writer=resp.getWriter(); try{ SAXBuilder builder=new SAXBuilder(false); Document; Process XML data Element root=doc.getRootElement(); if ("commands".equals(root.getName())){ for(Iterator iter=root.getChildren("command").iterator(); iter.hasNext();){ Element el=(Element)(; String type=el.getAttributeValue("type"); XMLCommandProcessor command=getCommand(type,writer); if (command!=null){ Element result=command.processXML(el); Delegate to handler writer.write(result.toString()); } } }else{ sendError(writer, "incorrect document format - " +"expected top-level command tag"); } }catch (JDOMException jdomex){ sendError(writer,"unable to parse request document"); } }
private XMLCommandProcessor getCommand (String type,Writer writer) throws IOException{ Match handler to command XMLCommandProcessor cmd=null; Class cls=(Class)(commandTypes.get(type)); if (cls!=null){ try{ cmd=(XMLCommandProcessor)(cls.newInstance()); }catch (ClassCastException castex){ sendError(writer, "class "+cls.getName() +" is not a command");
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} catch (InstantiationException instex) { sendError(writer, "not able to create class "+cls.getName()); } catch (IllegalAccessException illex) { sendError(writer, "not allowed to create class "+cls.getName()); } }else{ sendError(writer,"no command type registered for "+type); } return cmd; }` private void sendError (Writer writer,String message) throws IOException{ writer.write("<error msg='"+message+"'/>"); writer.flush(); } }
The servlet maintains a map of XMLCommandProcessor objects that are configured here through the ServletConfig interface b. A more mature framework might provide its own XML config file. When processing an incoming POST request c, we use JDOM to parse the XML data d and then iterate through the <command> tags matching type attributes to XMLCommandProcessors e. The map holds class definitions, from which we create live instances using reflection in the getCommand() method f. The XMLCommandProcessor interface consists of a single method:
public interface XMLCommandProcessor { Element processXML(Element el); }
The interface depends upon the JDOM libraries for a convenient object-based representation of XML, using Element objects as both argument and return type. A simple implementation of this interface for updating planetary data is given in listing 5.16.
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