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Importing Computers with CSVDE
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You were introduced to the Comma-Separated Values Data Exchange (CSVDE) command in Lesson 1 of 3. CSVDE is a command-line tool that imports or exports Active Directory objects from or to a comma-delimited text file (also known as a comma-separated value text file, or .csv file). The basic syntax of the CSVDE command is:
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csvde [-i] [-f "Filename"] [-k]
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The i parameter specifies import mode; without it, the default mode of CSVDE is export. The f parameter identifies the file name to import from or export to. The k parameter is useful during import operations because it instructs CSVDE to ignore errors including Object Already Exists, Constraint Violation, and Attribute Or Value Already Exists. Comma-delimited files can be created, modified, and opened with tools as familiar as Notepad and Microsoft Office Excel. The first line of the file defines the attributes by their Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) attribute names. Each object follows, one per line, and must contain exactly the attributes listed on the first line. A sample file is shown in Excel in Figure 5-5. When importing computers, be sure to include the userAccountControl attribute and set it to 4096. This attribute ensures that the computer will be able to join the account. Also include
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the pre-Windows 2000 logon name of the computer, the sAMAccountName attribute, which is the name of the computer followed by a dollar sign ($) as shown in Figure 5-5.
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Figure 5-5
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A .csv file, opened in Excel, that will create three computer accounts
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In 3 and 4, you used the CSVDE command to import users and groups. For more information about CSVDE, including details regarding its parameters and usage to export directory objects, type csvde / or search the Windows Server 2008 Help and Support Center.
Importing Computers with LDIFDE
3 also introduced you to Ldifde.exe, which imports data from files in the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol Data Interchange Format (LDIF) format. LDIF files are text files within which operations are specified by a block of lines separated by a blank line. Each operation begins with the DN attribute of the object that is the target of the operation. The next line, changeType, specifies the type of operation: add, modify, or delete. The following listing is an LDIF file that will create two server accounts:
dn: CN=SERVER10,OU=Servers,DC=contoso,DC=com changetype: add objectClass: top objectClass: person objectClass: organizationalPerson objectClass: user objectClass: computer cn: SERVER10 userAccountControl: 4096 sAMAccountName: SERVER10$ dn: CN= SERVER11,OU= Servers,DC=contoso,DC=com changetype: add objectClass: top objectClass: person objectClass: organizationalPerson objectClass: user objectClass: computer cn: SERVER11 userAccountControl: 4096 sAMAccountName: SERVER11$
The basic syntax of the LDIFDE command is similar to that of the CSVDE command:
ldifde [-i] [-f "Filename"] [-k]
Lesson 2: Automating the Creation of Computer Objects
By default, LDIFDE is in export mode. The i parameter specifies import mode. You must specify the f mode to identify the file you are using for import or export. LDIFDE will stop when it encounters errors unless you specify the k parameter, in which case, LDIFDE continues processing. Exam Tip
Remember that the default mode of CSVDE and LDIFDE is export. You must use the i parameter to import objects.
Creating Computers with Dsadd
The Dsadd command has been used in previous chapters to create objects in Active Directory. To create computer objects, simply type dsadd computer ComputerDN where ComputerDN is the distinguished name (DN) of the computer, such as CN=Desktop123,OU=Desktops,DC =contoso,DC=com. If the computer s DN includes a space, surround the entire DN with quotation marks. The ComputerDN parameter can include more than one distinguished name for new computer objects, making Dsadd Computer a handy way to generate multiple objects at once. The parameter can be entered in one of the following ways:
By piping a list of DNs from another command such as Dsquery. By typing each DN on the command line, separated by spaces. By leaving the DN parameter empty, at which point, you can type the DNs, one at a time, at the keyboard console of the command prompt. Press Enter after each DN. Press Ctrl+Z and Enter after the last DN.
The Dsadd Computer command can take the following optional parameters after the DN parameter:
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