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MORE INFO: OFFLINE MIGRATIONS To learn more about performing offline migrations with USMT, consult the following page on Microsoft TechNet: http://technet.microsoft.com/enus/library/dd560758.aspx
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Practice: Migrating User Data When it is not possible to perform a direct upgrade from one version of Windows to another, it is necessary to perform a migration. It can also be necessary to perform a migration if you need to move user data from one computer running Windows 7 to another. There are two tools which you can use to migrate user profile data reliably from one computer to another: USMT and Windows Easy Transfer. EXERCISE 1: Migrating User Data Using Windows Easy Transfer In this exercise, you will create a user account and data; use the Windows Easy Transfer tool to export that data to a USB device; remove the user data from the computer; and then migrate the user account back using Windows Easy Transfer to simulate migrating the user to another computer running Windows 7. 1. 2. 3. 4. Log on to computer Canberra with the Kim_Akers user account you created in the exercise at the end of Lesson 1. Click Start, Control Panel. Under User Accounts And Family Safety, click Add Or Remove User Accounts. In Manage Accounts, click Create A New Account. Enter the account name as Don_Hall and make the account a Standard User. In Manage Accounts, click the Don_Hall account and then click Create A Password. Enter the password P@ssw0rd twice. In the password hint text box, type the page number of this page in the training kit. Click Create Password and then close the Control Panel. Click Start. Click the arrow next to Shut Down, and then click Switch User. Log on using the Don_Hall user account. When you are logged on to computer Canberra with the Don_Hall user account, rightclick the desktop and then click New, Text Document. Name the text document Migration_Test.txt. Open the file and type Migration_Test. Close and save the document. Log off the Don_Hall user account and then log back on with the Kim_Akers user account.
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Connect the USB storage device that you will use to store Windows Easy Transfer data to the computer. 9. Click Start. In the Search Programs and Files text box, type Windows Easy Transfer and then press Enter. 10. On the Welcome To Windows Easy Transfer page, click Next. On the What Do You Want To Use To Transfer Items To Your New Computer page, click An External Hard Disk Or USB Flash Drive. 11. On the Which Computer Are You Using Now page, click This Is My Old Computer. 12. Windows Easy Transfer then performs a check of what information can be transferred. On the Choose What To Transfer From This Computer page, ensure that only the Don_Hall user account is selected as shown in Figure 1-22. You do not need to migrate Kim_Akers or Shared Items in this exercise. Click Next.
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Figure 1-22: Select items for migration 13. On the Save Your Files And Settings For Transfer page, enter the password P@ssw0rd twice and then click Save. 14. In the Save Your Easy Transfer file dialog box, specify the USB storage device that you connected to the computer in step 8 and then click Save. When the data has been saved to the USB storage device, click Next twice and then click Close. 15. Click Start, right-click the Computer item, and then choose Properties. Click Advanced System Settings. In the System Properties dialog box, click the Settings button in the User Profiles area to bring up the User Profiles dialog box shown in Figure 1-23.
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Figure 1-23: The user profile list 16. Click on the Canberr\Don_Hall profile and then click Delete. When prompted to confirm the deletion of the profile, click Yes. Click OK twice to close the User Profiles and System Properties dialog boxes. 17. Click Start, Control Panel. Under User Accounts And Family Safety, click Add Or Remove User Accounts. 18. Select the Don_Hall user account and then click Delete The Account. On the Do You Want To Keep Don_Hall's Files page, click Delete Files. Click Delete Account and close the Control Panel. 19. Log out and verify that it is not possible to log on to the computer Canberra with the Don_Hall user account. 20. Log on using the Kim_Akers user account. 21. Click Start. In the Search Programs and Files text box, type Windows Easy Transfer and then press Enter. On the Windows Easy Transfer Welcome page, click Next. 22. On the What Do You Want To Use To Transfer Items To Your New Computer page, click An External Hard Disk Or USB Flash Drive. 23. On the Which Computer Are You Using Now page, click This Is My New Computer. 24. On the Has Windows Easy Transfer Already Saved Your Files To An External Hard Disk Or USB Flash Drive page, click Yes, Open The File. 25. Navigate to the location on the USB storage device where you saved the Windows Easy Transfer migration data in step 14, select the file named Windows Easy Transfer Items From Old Computer and then click Open. Enter the password P@ssw0rd. 26. On the Choose What To Transfer To This Computer page, ensure that only the Don_ Hall user account is selected and then click Transfer. Click Close to dismiss the Windows Easy Transfer Wizard. 27. Log off and then log on with the Don_Hall user account. It will be necessary to enter a new password for the account. Use the password P@ssword. When you log on, verify that the file named Migration_Test.txt is present on the desktop.
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Lesson Summary Windows Easy Transfer can be used to migrate user profile data from computers running Windows XP, Windows Vista, and Windows 7 to computers running Windows 7. Windows Easy Transfer can migrate data using a Windows Easy Transfer cable or directly from source computer to destination computer over the network, or it can store migration data on a removable USB storage device or a network share. USMT 4.0, which is available through the WAIK, is used when it is necessary to migrate profile data on a large number of computers. USMT can be used to perform an offline migration. ScanState is run on the source computer. LoadState is run on the destination computer. USMT uses XML configuration files such as MigApp.xml, MigUser.xml, MigDocs.xml, and Config.xml to control which data is migrated from the source computer to the destination computer. An offline migration can be performed by booting into Windows PE and running ScanState. Lesson Review You can use the following questions to test your knowledge of the information in Lesson 3, "Managing User Profiles." The questions are also available on the companion DVD if you prefer to review them in electronic form. Note ANSWERS Answers to these questions and explanations of why each answer choice is correct or incorrect are located in the "Answers" section at the end of the book. 1. Which of the following operating systems support an offline migration using USMT A. Windows 2000 Professional B. Windows XP Professional C. Windows Vista D. Windows 7 2. Which of the following utilities can you use to transfer user encryption certificates from a computer running Windows XP Professional to Windows 7 Professional (Choose all that apply.) A. File Settings and Transfer Wizard B. USMT C. Windows Easy Transfer D. Robocopy.exe 3. Which XML file is used with ScanState to specify information about user profile data
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that should be migrated A. MigDocs.xml B. MigUser.xml C. MigApp.xml D. Config.xml 4. Which of the following must you download from Microsoft's Web site to obtain USMT 4.0 A. Windows Anytime Upgrade B. Windows Upgrade Advisor C. WAIK D. Microsoft Application Compatibility Toolkit 5. Which of the following types of USMT migration store types minimizes hard disk space used when performing a wipe-and-load migration A. Uncompressed B. Compressed C. Hard-link Answers 1. Correct Answers: B, C, and D A. InCorrect: Windows 2000 does not support offline migration using the USMT. B. Correct: Windows XP Professional supports offline migration using the USMT. C. Correct: Windows Vista supports offline migration using the USMT. D. Correct: Windows 7 support offline migration using the USMT. 2. Correct Answers: B and C A. InCorrect: File Settings and Transfer Wizard is a Windows XP utility; it cannot be used to migrate data to Windows 7. B. Correct: USMT can be used to transfer user encryption certificates from a computer running Windows XP Professional to a computer running Windows 7 Professional. C. Correct: Windows Easy Transfer can be used to transfer user encryption certificates from a computer running Windows XP Professional to a computer running Windows 7 Professional. D. InCorrect: Robocopy.exe cannot be used to transfer user encryption certificates from a computer running Windows XP Professional to a computer running Windows 7 Professional. 3. Correct Answer: B A. InCorrect: MigDocs.xml contains rules about locating user documents. B. Correct: MigUser.xml contains rules about migrating user profiles and user data. C. InCorrect: MigApp.xml contains rules about the migration of application settings. D. InCorrect: Config.xml contains information about what features to exclude from a migration. 4. Correct Answer: C
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InCorrect: Windows Anytime Upgrade is a tool used to upgrade from one edition of Windows 7 to another. It does not contain USMT 4.0 B. InCorrect: Windows Upgrade Advisor is a tool that advises you whether hardware and software used with a computer running Windows Vista is compatible with Windows 7. C. Correct: The WAIK contains USMT 4.0. D. InCorrect: The Microsoft Application Compatibility Toolkit does not include USMT 4.0. 5. Correct Answer: C A. InCorrect: Uncompressed migration stores use the most hard disk space as it creates a copy of the data being migrated in a separate directory structure. B. InCorrect: Compressed migration stores create a compressed copy of the data being migrated in a separate directory structure. C. Correct: Hard-link migration stores create a set of hard links to all data that will be migrated in a separate location but do not actually duplicate that data on the volume.
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Review To further practice and reinforce the skills you learned in this chapter, you can perform the following tasks: Review the chapter summary. Review the list of key terms introduced in this chapter. Complete the case scenarios. These scenarios set up real-world situations involving the topics of this chapter and ask you to create a solution. Complete the suggested practices. Take a practice test. Summary
Windows 7 requires a 1 GHz x86 or x64 processor, 512 MB of RAM for the Starter or Home Basic editions, and 1 GB of RAM for other editions. To support the Aero UI, Windows 7 requires a graphics card with 128 MB RAM. Windows 7 can be dual-booted with Windows XP and Windows Vista. A computer requires multiple partitions to support dual-boot. Windows 7 can be installed from DVD-ROM, USB storage device, network share, or WDS. The Upgrade Advisor can inform you of which hardware and software attached to your computer running Windows Vista is compatible with Windows 7. You can only upgrade from an x86 version of Windows Vista to an x86 version of Windows 7. You can only upgrade from an x64 version of Windows 7. You cannot upgrade directly from Windows XP to Windows 7. You can only upgrade from Windows Vista to Windows 7.
Windows Easy Transfer allows migration of user profile data from computers running Windows XP and Windows Vista to computers running Windows 7. It is suitable for when a small number of computers need to be migrated. USMT is a command-line tool that allows migrating of user profile data from computers running Windows XP and Windows Vista to computers running Windows 7. It is suitable when a large number of computers need to be migrated.
Key Terms Do you know what these key terms mean You can check your answers by looking up the terms in the glossary at the end of the book. dual-boot Netbook side-by-side migration wipe-and-load migration
Case Scenarios In the following case scenarios, you will apply what you've learned about the topics covered in this chapter. You can find answers to these questions in the "Answers" section at the end of this book. Case Scenario 1: Installing Windows 7 at Contoso You work for Contoso, Ltd. The company has a head office and two branch office locations. The company has just purchased 50 small form factor laptops on which you want to deploy Windows 7. A total of 40 of these computers will be deployed at the head office site, with 5 deployed to each of the branch office sites. The small computers do not include DVD-ROM drives, but they do have PXE-compliant network adapters and USB ports. You have tested the default version of Windows PE available with the WAIK and found that it is not compatible with the network adapters on these computers. Contoso, Ltd has a volume license agreement with Microsoft. All servers at Contoso, Ltd have the Windows Server 2008 operating system installed. You would like to ensure that the computers' hard disks are protected with encryption so that data is protected in case they are lost. Considering these facts, answer the following questions:
1. Which installation media or source could you use to deploy Windows 7 in the head office 2. Which installation media or source could you use to deploy Windows 7 in the branch offices 3. Which edition of Windows 7 should you deploy to the computers
Answers 1. You could use WDS or a USB storage device as an installation source for deploying Windows 7. Because you do not have access to Windows PE, you cannot use a network share. 2. You could use a USB storage device as an installation source for deploying Windows 7. Because you do not have access to Windows PE, you cannot use a network share. You would not use WDS when you need to deploy operating systems to only five computers at each location. 3. Windows 7 Enterprise supports BitLocker hard disk drive encryption and is available to volume license customers. Although Windows 7 Ultimate also supports BitLocker hard disk drive encryption, it uses a retail license rather than a volume one. Case Scenario 2: Migrating User Data at Fabrikam You are in charge of supporting client operating systems at Fabrikam. In the head office, you have 20 users that have computers running Windows 7 Enterprise (x86). You will be increasing the amount of RAM in these computers from 4 GB to 16 GB and need to upgrade the operating system to Windows 7 Enterprise (x64). After the upgrade is complete, users should not be able to boot into the x86 version of Windows 7. You have 10 users at a branch office who currently have computers running Windows XP Professional that are more than 5 years old. These computers each have only 256 MB of RAM. You do not have any Windows Easy Transfer cables and do not want to store branch office user profile data on network drives or on USB storage devices. You will replace these computers with 10 new computers running Windows 7 Professional. Considering these facts, answer the following questions:
1. What sort of migration should you perform at the branch office, side-by-side or wipe-and-load 2. What sort of migration should you perform at the head office, side-by-side or wipeand-load 3. Which technology and method would you use to perform the migrations in the branch office Answers 1. Side-by-side migrations are appropriate because you are moving users in the branch offices from old computers to new computers. Wipe-and-load migrations are appropriate only
when the same computer hardware is being used. 2. You should perform a wipe-and-load because the users in the head office will be using the same hardware and should not be able to boot into the x86 version of Windows 7 Enterprise after the upgrade is complete. 3. Use Windows Easy Transfer with the network method.
Suggested Practices To help you master the exam objectives presented in this chapter, complete the following tasks. Perform a Clean Installation As an alternative to performing a clean installation of Windows 7 on a computer that does not have an existing operating system installed, consider configuring a computer to dual-boot between an existing operating system and Windows 7. Configure a computer running Windows XP or Windows Vista to dual-boot with Windows 7. Ensure that you have a separate partition that has more than 15 GB of space available.
Upgrade to Windows 7 from a Previous Version of Windows The Windows 7 Upgrade Advisor is a tool that allows you to determine whether the applications and hardware on a computer running Windows Vista are compatible with Windows 7. Download the Windows 7 Upgrade Advisor onto a computer running Windows Vista. Run the upgrade advisor to determine if any of the hardware or applications used with the computer running Windows Vista are incompatible with Windows 7.
Migrate User Profiles The USMT is a fully featured and complex user profile migration tool. Like Windows Easy Transfer, you can use the USMT to migrate user profiles from computers running Windows XP, Windows Vista, and Windows 7 to computers running Windows 7. Create a new user account on the computer running Windows 7 named Canberra. Log in and create an example document.
Take a Practice Test The practice tests on this book's companion DVD offer many options. For example, you can test yourself on just one exam objective, or you can test yourself on all the 70-680
certification exam content. You can set up the test so that it closely simulates the experience of taking a certification exam, or you can set it up in study mode so that you can look at the correct answers and explanations after you answer each question. Note MORE INFO: PRACTICE TESTS For details about all the practice test options available, see the section entitled "How to Use the Practice Tests," in the Introduction to this book.
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