zxing qr code example c# Troubleshooting Network Issues in Visual C#.NET

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CHapTER 31 Troubleshooting Network Issues
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To view open ports and active incoming connections, open a command prompt and run the following command .
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Netstat will display a list of listening ports as well as outgoing connections and the Process Identifiers (PIDs) associated with each listener or connection . The following edited output from Netstat shows the listening ports on a computer running Windows that has Remote Desktop enabled .
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Active Connections Proto TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP TCP UDP UDP UDP UDP Local Address 0.0.0.0:135 0.0.0.0:3389 0.0.0.0:49152 192.168.1.132:139 192.168.1.132:3389 [::]:135 [::]:445 [::]:2869 [::]:3389 Foreign Address 0.0.0.0:0 0.0.0.0:0 0.0.0.0:0 0.0.0.0:0 192.168.1.196:1732 [::]:0 [::]:0 [::]:0 [::]:0 *:* *:* *:* *:* State LISTENING LISTENING LISTENING LISTENING ESTABLISHED LISTENING LISTENING LISTENING LISTENING PID 884 1512 592 4 1512 884 4 4 1512 1360 1360 1360 1360
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[fe80::28db:d21:3f57:fe7b%11]:1900 [fe80::28db:d21:3f57:fe7b%11]:49643 [fe80::a54b:d9d7:1a10:c1eb%10]:1900 [fe80::a54b:d9d7:1a10:c1eb%10]:49641
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Notice that the line in bold is listening for incoming connections on TCP port 3389, which Remote Desktop uses . Because the Foreign Address column shows an IPv4 address, you can tell that a user is connected to the computer using Remote Desktop from a computer with the IP address of 192 .168 .1 .196 . If you notice that a computer is listening for incoming connections on unexpected ports, you can use the value in the PID column to identify the process . Tools such as the Processes tab in Task Manager can reveal which process is associated with a PID .
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To identify processes by pID in Task Manager, select the processes tab. On the View
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menu, click Select Columns. Select the pID (process Identifier) check box and then click OK.
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Alternatively, if you can open a command prompt with elevated privileges, you can use the b parameter to resolve applications associated with active connections . The following example demonstrates that using the b parameter shows the associated process in brackets before each connection .
Tools for Troubleshooting
CHapTER 31
netstat a n o -b Active Connections Proto TCP RpcSs [svchost.exe] TCP 0.0.0.0:3389 0.0.0.0:0 LISTENING 1444 Dnscache [svchost.exe] TCP TCP 0.0.0.0:49152 0.0.0.0:49153 0.0.0.0:0 0.0.0.0:0 LISTENING LISTENING 508 972 [wininit.exe] Eventlog [svchost.exe] TCP nsi [svchost.exe] TCP 0.0.0.0:49155 0.0.0.0:0 LISTENING 1076 Schedule [svchost.exe] TCP TCP TCP 0.0.0.0:49156 0.0.0.0:49157 169.254.166.248:139 0.0.0.0:0 0.0.0.0:0 0.0.0.0:0 LISTENING LISTENING LISTENING 564 552 4 [lsass.exe] [services.exe] 0.0.0.0:49154 0.0.0.0:0 LISTENING 1236 Local Address 0.0.0.0:135 Foreign Address 0.0.0.0:0 State LISTENING PID 828
TCPView, a free download from Microsoft, provides similar functionality with a graphical interface . TCPView is described later in this chapter .
Network Monitor
Network Monitor 3 .3, a free download from http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/, is the most capable and complicated tool for analyzing network communications . Network Monitor is a protocol analyzer (commonly known as a sniffer) capable of capturing every byte transferred to and from a computer running Windows 7 . An experienced system administrator can use Network Monitor to troubleshoot a wide variety of problems, including:
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Network performance problems . TCP connection problems . IP protocol stack configuration problems . Problems caused by network filtering . Application-layer problems with text-based protocols, including Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), Post Office Protocol (POP), and Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) .
CHapTER 31 Troubleshooting Network Issues
Network Monitor performs a significant amount of interpretation of captured information by separating the different protocols involved in network communications . Network Monitor can even interpret most common application-layer protocols . For example, when analyzing HTTP traffic, Network Monitor automatically identifies the packet containing the HTTP request and lists the request method, Uniform Resource Locator (URL), referrer, user agent, and other parameters included in the request . This information is extremely useful when troubleshooting compatibility problems with a specific browser . To analyze network traffic by using Network Monitor, follow these steps:
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Download and install Network Monitor and then restart the computer to enable the Network Monitor driver for your network adapters . Click Start, click All Programs, click Microsoft Network Monitor 3 .3, and then click Microsoft Network Monitor 3 .3 . Click New Capture . With the New Capture tab selected, click the Select Networks tab and select one or more network adapters . Click Start to begin capturing communications . Switch to the application from which you want to capture the network traffic and then perform the steps to generate the traffic . For example, if you want to capture a request to a Web server, switch to Windows Internet Explorer and enter the Web address . After you have generated the traffic that you want to capture, return to Network Monitor . On the Capture menu in Network Monitor, click Stop . On the Network Conversations page, click the application you want to monitor . In the Frame Summary pane, browse the captured frames . Click a frame to view its contents .
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Figure 31-1 shows a capture of a TCP connection and an HTTP request created by visiting a Web site with a browser . Because Iexplore .exe is selected in the Network Conversations pane, only frames sent to or from Internet Explorer are displayed . The Frame Summary pane lists the captured packets . The first three frames show the three-way TCP handshake . As you can see from the Frame Details pane, the selected frame shows Internet Explorer requesting / from the Web server . The following frame is the response, which is an HTTP 302 redirection to a different page . Frame 35 is Internet Explorer requesting the page to which it was directed, /en/us/default.aspx.
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