SME location management in Visual C#.NET

Scanner QR-Code in Visual C#.NET SME location management

SME location management
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SME state management
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Short message processing
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Source: Wireless Mobile Networking with ANSI-41
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CHAPTER
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Operations, Administration, and Maintenance Functions
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Operations, Administration, and Maintenance Functions
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Part 2:
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ANSI-41 Explained
In this chapter, we discuss the ANSI-41 mobile telecommunications network functions related to operations, administration, and maintenance (OA&M) The subset of OA&M functions supported by ANSI-41 is limited to inter-MSC circuit management Circuit management can be considered a subset of network management functionality There are many functions used to manage and control inter-MSC circuits; however, the ANSI-41 intersystem operations only support the most primary functions:
Inter-MSC circuit blocking (and unblocking) Inter-MSC circuit reset Inter-MSC circuit testing
These functions are necessary to remove trunks from service, place them back into service, test them for transmission, and reset them to an idle state when necessary Other functions such as traffic load control and collection of traffic statistics are beyond the scope of ANSI-41 We describe each of the functions and provide examples of how the ANSI-41 mobile application part (MAP) operations (eg, TrunkTest) are used to accomplish inter-MSC circuit management tasks We summarize this information at the end of the chapter Note that we employ the ANSI-41 convention for operation component acronyms; the Invoke component acronym is in all-capital letters (eg, TRUNKTEST), while the Return Result component acronym is in all-lowercase letters (eg, trunktest) Refer to the ANSI-41 standard for the descriptions of the individual ANSI-41 operations and parameters Also, the reader should consult the Glossary for the description of general terms (eg, serving system) not explicitly defined in this chapter Throughout this chapter we consider the serving system as a single entity encompassing the mobile switching center (MSC) and visitor location register (VLR) functional entities This simplifies the descriptions of the ANSI-41 OA&M functions and also is representative of a large percentage of the ANSI-41 implementations currently in service However, the reader should keep in mind that the potential for separation of the MSC and VLR exists and is fully defined in ANSI-41
Where Are OA&M Functions Specified in ANSI-41
OA&M functions are specified in two parts of ANSI-41:
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Operations, Administration, and Maintenance Functions
14:
Operations, Administration, and Maintenance Functions
ANSI-415 provides the required formats the bit-by-bit encoding of all the ANSI-41 operation components, including those used for OA&M ANSI-415 defines both the messages (eg, TrunkTest Invoke) and the message parameters (eg, InterMSCCircuitID) ANSI-414 provides algorithmic descriptions of the procedures that are associated with sending and receiving the ANSI-41 OA&M-related messages; these procedures were considered sufficiently unique to warrant separating them from the main procedures in ANSI-416 ANSI-414 also includes stage 2 style information for OA&M
Inter-MSC Circuit Blocking
The ANSI-41 circuit blocking function which also encompasses circuit unblocking allows the MSCs at each end of an inter-MSC circuit to coordinate: 1 Removal of the inter-MSC circuit from service (blocking) 2 Reinstatement of the inter-MSC circuit into service (unblocking) Circuit blocking may be used for fault management or testing purposes Since the inter-MSC circuits are used solely for handoff, circuit blocking has important consequences for the intersystem handoff functions described in 9 ANSI-41 defines the concept of a blocking state to describe the impact on handoff of circuit blocking We describe the ANSI-41 blocking state in terms of the inter-MSC circuit model shown in Figure 141
circuit #1 S1A S1B
circuit #2 MSC A S2A S2B MSC B
circuit #n SnA SnB
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