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Although GMPLS optical control standards have been available for several years now, overall market traction has been slow For example, very few equipment vendors fully support GMPLS in their product lines today, and most DWDM ROADM and DCS/MSPP systems still use centralized TL1 management (because of the strong SONET/SDH influence) A key reason here has been the lack of demand for highly dynamic wavelength-rate services However, it is expected that continued growth in high-end EPL services will inevitably drive the adoption of this framework In particular, GMPLS offers much promise in provisioning multiple service tiers for lightpath connections (see Optical Network Control) Recently, there has also been some activity in the IETF to extend the GMPLS control plane for point-to-point Ethernet label switching [16] By and large, this draft focuses on adapting GMPLS protocols for the Ethernet layer and details various Layer 2 issues, such as label encapsulation in Ethernet frames and data plane modifications Although this work is in its early stages, it may lead to a very tight integration (cost savings) between the Ethernet packet-switching and SONET/SDH-DWDM circuit-switching layers This is particularly germane for unified MSPP platforms that implement Layer 1 and 2 capabilities Finally, another noteworthy development is the Layer 1 VPN (L1 VPN) framework [17], which defines infrastructure virtualization at the SONET/SDH and DWDM layers
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Indeed, this standard is very well-aligned with various intra-carrier and carriers carrier business models For example L1 VPN technologies will allow organizations to purchase virtual DWDM networks and offer customized EPL or EPLAN services over them This new paradigm has the potential to dramatically lower barriers to entry in the Carrier Ethernet market, as entrants will no longer have to deploy or lease their own physical fiber-optic infrastructures L1 VPN remains an active focus area today within the IETF and ITU-T (Study Group 13)
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Economic Assessment
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This section presents a brief economic assessment of high-grade Ethernet services over fiber Specifically, the EoWDM and EoS schemes are chosen for comparison, as they are best-suited for supporting genuine MAN/WAN carrier-grade EPL services and they are the most likely strategies for incumbents Figure 89 shows the sample network used in this study, representing a ubiquitous ring topology with eight add-drop sites Here, each add-drop location is either populated with ROAM nodes (EoWDM) or next-generation multiservice SONET/SDH MSPP platforms (EoS) Furthermore, the ring circumference is assumed to be 300 km to reflect larger MAN/WAN service settings, and all nodes are evenly spaced This increased geographic span is chosen as it mandates the use of preline and inline EDFA devices in the ROADM solution to, for example, stress CAPEX costs This network has been evaluated for EoS and EoWDM provisioning for various full-rate EPL service scenarios Owing to the larger regional nature of the ring, it is assumed that the traffic is evenly distributed and arrives from enterprise and other provider clients
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Two-Fiber Metro Ring Network Add-drop site 3 2 4
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Two-fiber 1:1 protection (sub-50 ms)
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Stacked Next-Generation SONET/SDH MSPP
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Preamp Add-drop switch
AWG Thin-mux (FE, GigE)
Post-amp Gigabit Ethernet, 10 Gigabit Ethernet Transponders
Sample network used in economic assessment study
Fiber and WDM
TABLE 87 Scenario Small Medium Large
Overview of Traf c Scenarios (EPL Connection Requests) Fast Ethernet 80 80 80 Gigabit Ethernet 0 8 12 10 Gigabit Ethernet 0 0 8
This contrasts with smaller metro-edge rings that exhibit more hubbed traffic patterns [3] In particular, three types of traffic loading scenarios have been studied: small, medium, and large (see Table 87) In the small loading case, the client demands only comprise 100 Mbps Fast Ethernet requests The medium traffic case augments the above with a small amount of Gigabit Ethernet demands (about 10 percent) Finally, the large loading case adds a full range of demands from Fast Ethernet to Gigabit Ethernet and even full 10 Gigabit Ethernet To assess the economic CAPEX costs of the two schemes, the required subsystems are briefly reviewed, as highlighted in Table 88 The prices stated here are bound to decline over time, and hence the listing is provided more for relative comparison purposes
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