Figure 15-16 Starting the Print Spooler service from the command-line interface
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316 15: Working with the Command-Line Interface
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Close the Disk Management console and double-click My Computer/Computer Create and save a text le to the new drive to verify that the drive is accessible Right-click the drive and select Properties; notice the tabs and le system (see Figure 15-17) Now that you have a FAT32 partition, you can launch the command-line window and convert the le system from FAT32 to NTFS You will then verify that the conversion was indeed nondestructive by opening the text le you created in Step f
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Launch the command-line window and change the focus to the root directory using the CD \ command Type the following command at the prompt (substitute the drive letter for your FAT32 partition):
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C:\CONVERT E: /FS:NTFS
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Your result should look similar to Figure 15-18 i j Exit the command-line window and double-click My Computer/Computer Right-click the drive that you just converted and select Properties Your drive should now be formatted with the NTFS le system Notice the additional tabs for Security and Quota (see Figure 15-19) Close the Properties window and double-click the drive The text document you created in Step f during the setup should still be there and accessible
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Figure 15-17 FAT32 partition properties
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Lab Exercise 1504: Advanced Command-Line Utilities 317
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Figure 15-18 Converting a partition from FAT32 to NTFS
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Figure 15-19 NTFS partition properties
318 15: Working with the Command-Line Interface
Lab Analysis Test
Nate would like to make backup copies of all of his Word documents in the root directory He types the following at the command prompt:
Will this command work Why or why not What will it do Are there any limitations
2 3 4 5
Which command(s) would you use to make a full copy of a le in the same directory under a different name The XCOPYEXE le is in the SYSTEM32 directory, which is in the WINDOWS directory that s in the root directory of the primary hard drive What s the complete command-line path to the le Explain the 83 rule What does the 8 mean How about the 3 Thomas was messing around one day and deleted a le named CRITICALDLL from the SYSTEM32 directory His friend gave him a copy on a oppy disk What s the exact command he d use to copy it back to the correct place
Key Term Quiz
Use the following terms to complete the following sentences Not all terms will be used / /P /W CD COPY DEL DIR MD RD REN
1 2 3 4 5
The command to create a new directory is _________________ The command used to create a duplicate le is _________________ The _________ switch is used to get help about command syntax When there are too many les to show on the screen while using the DIR command, add the _________ switch For a listing of a directory s contents that displays only the lenames, use the ______________ command with the _____________ switch
Securing Windows Resources
1601 Managing Users in Windows 1602 De ning NTFS Permissions 1603 Sharing Files and Folders 1604 Encrypting Important Data Lab Analysis Test Key Term Quiz
320 16: Securing Windows Resources
Not every computer is a part of some vast corporate network Not
everyone logs on to a domain and manipulates multiple le servers to carry out their business Sometimes, a system stands alone And lest you take pity on this lonely PC or worse, ignore it entirely its security must still be considered Even without a network, a single computer contains plenty of vital data, and it is these very systems that will be accessed by multiple users (because, well, it s the only one) Without taking the necessary security precautions, your data could easily be stolen or destroyed by anyone else who uses that computer This is why user accounts, permissions, and encryption in Windows are so important As a PC tech, you may be called upon to set up a new user account But simply adding a new user is just the beginning You will need to keep in mind what sort of powers or permissions you want each user to have do they need to be able to install new software, or is just being able to open and edit les enough But sometimes, the general set of abilities granted by each type of user account isn t speci c enough maybe there are certain les or folders that should be accessed only by certain users, or groups of users Then there are the les that should only be seen or touched by you, with access granted by your password alone Or the opposite maybe some folders need to be shared so that everyone on that PC can get to them This chapter will show you how to implement these security features in Windows so that a single system can have multiple users working with and sharing les securely