Displaying ABAP Short Dumps in Software

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Displaying ABAP Short Dumps
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The R/3 system includes some special utilities for analyzing the cause of program errors. When serious program errors occur the ABAP processor terminates the current program and the development workbench generates a so called short dump. An ABAP short dump is a list which includes extensive information about the possible causes of the error and the guidelines to solve it. Short dumps are kept in the system database in a special table called SNAP. This table must be frequently checked since it might soon become full in number of extents. When users have a serious program error, the short dump is immediately presented in the R/3 display and is also kept in the database for later analysis. The analysis is a task reserved either to experienced system administrators, development personnel, or SAP specialist. An ABAP short dump includes information such as: What happened and why the program was aborted What program and where in the code the error is located What can you do to solve the problem What the error message keywords are to use for searching the problem What the values of the most relevant system variables are at the time of the error What tables were being used at the moment Management data such as user, transaction, application server, and so on, that produced the error Whether any other programs were affected When a short dump appears on the screen, the user can use the ABAP debugging facility to track the program code where the error exactly occurred.
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Using the System Log Expert Mode Choosing the back function right after the generation of a short dump, takes the user back to the last active menu in the system before getting the error. To analyze the error at a later time, the administrator must select the function Monitor Dump analysis from the main administration menu. Alternatively, enter transaction code ST22 in the command field. You can also look for short dumps from the system log report. Figure 10 17 shows the initial menu for short dump analysis.
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Figure 10 17: ABAP short dumps initial analysis screen. On this screen, you can see how many short dumps have been generated in the current day and the previous day (yesterday). If you want to see the list of these recorded short dumps, select the day and click on the Display list icon. If you want to search for specific short dumps or short dumps from previous days, then click on the Select short dump button on the application toolbar. Whatever you choose, the system will display a list of short dumps. Double clicking on any of them will display the dump analysis screen, just as it was displayed at the time it happened. Figure 10 18 shows an example of a short dump.
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Figure 10 18: Sample of an ABAP short dump. Short dumps are not precisely "short" and they can have more than 25 pages of text. For that reason, the analysis screen presents the Overview function, so you can step directly to the most interesting information for the analysis. 380
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The System Tracing Utilities The overview list can be divided up into 20 categories. To make reading easier, you can double click on any of the lines to directly access the required information. The initial sections contain administrative and informational data about the problem that caused the error. The last parts include more technical information, including the program source code, internal and system variables at the time of the dump, and table values. While in the analysis list display, you can select whether there are any particular short dumps you want to keep for further analysis. To do that, select the short dump and click on the Keep / Release icon or, from the menu, select Short dump Keep / release. Sometimes there are recurrent problems which can cause many and periodical short dumps. For this reason, you should often delete old short dumps and reorganize the table SNAP. This can be done from the dump analysis menu by selecting Goto Reorganize. The system displays how many days you want to keep. Another organization measure is to submit a periodic background job which automatically deletes old short dumps. Another useful option for displaying the general status of a SNAP table and the number of runtime errors in the system can be found by selecting Goto Statistics from the ABAP dump analysis initial screen.
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