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how to create barcode in ssrs report Thirteen in Software
Thirteen QR Code Decoder In None Using Barcode Control SDK for Software Control to generate, create, read, scan barcode image in Software applications. Create QR Code JIS X 0510 In None Using Barcode creator for Software Control to generate, create QR Code image in Software applications. where US is the maximum power spectral density transmitted by S, GTS is the transmit gain of S in the direction of E, and GRE is the receive gain of E in the direction of S. It is assumed that the uplink and downlink propagation losses, LU and LD, are the same as those used for the interference signals. The transmission gain for network R is then defined as [ ] [URE] [URS] (13.16) Scanning QR In None Using Barcode reader for Software Control to read, scan read, scan image in Software applications. QR Code Encoder In C# Using Barcode maker for Visual Studio .NET Control to generate, create QR Code image in .NET framework applications. Note that this is the same transmission gain shown in Fig. 12.9. Using the transmission gain, the interference I2 at the satellite may be referred to the earthstation receiver as I2, and hence the noisetemperature rise at the satellite receiver input may be referred to the earthstation receiver input as TS. This is illustrated in Fig. 13.9b. Expressed in decibel units, the relationship is [ TS Generate QR In Visual Studio .NET Using Barcode printer for ASP.NET Control to generate, create QR Code ISO/IEC18004 image in ASP.NET applications. Drawing QR Code JIS X 0510 In .NET Framework Using Barcode encoder for VS .NET Control to generate, create QR Code 2d barcode image in .NET framework applications. [ TS] Creating QRCode In VB.NET Using Barcode creator for Visual Studio .NET Control to generate, create QR Code ISO/IEC18004 image in .NET framework applications. Create USS128 In None Using Barcode encoder for Software Control to generate, create GS1128 image in Software applications. (13.17) Create European Article Number 13 In None Using Barcode generation for Software Control to generate, create EAN / UCC  13 image in Software applications. Bar Code Maker In None Using Barcode encoder for Software Control to generate, create barcode image in Software applications. 13.4.3 Resulting noisetemperature rise
Code 39 Full ASCII Maker In None Using Barcode maker for Software Control to generate, create Code 3 of 9 image in Software applications. Code 128A Maker In None Using Barcode maker for Software Control to generate, create Code 128 Code Set B image in Software applications. The overall equivalent rise in noise temperature at earthstation E as a result of interference signals B1 and B2 is then T TS Paint ISSN  10 In None Using Barcode printer for Software Control to generate, create ISSN image in Software applications. Make GS1128 In Java Using Barcode maker for Java Control to generate, create EAN / UCC  13 image in Java applications. (13.18) Create UPC Code In ObjectiveC Using Barcode maker for iPhone Control to generate, create Universal Product Code version A image in iPhone applications. Code 128B Scanner In VB.NET Using Barcode recognizer for VS .NET Control to read, scan read, scan image in .NET framework applications. In this final calculation the dBK values must first be converted to degrees, which are then added to give the resulting equivalent noisetemperature rise at the earthstation E receive antenna output. GTIN  12 Recognizer In None Using Barcode decoder for Software Control to read, scan read, scan image in Software applications. Create EAN13 In VB.NET Using Barcode printer for .NET framework Control to generate, create GTIN  13 image in Visual Studio .NET applications. Example 13.6 Given that LU
Bar Code Creation In None Using Barcode generation for Word Control to generate, create barcode image in Office Word applications. GS1 128 Creation In ObjectiveC Using Barcode generator for iPhone Control to generate, create GS1128 image in iPhone applications. 200 dB, LD 196 dB, GE G E 25 dB, GS G S 1 J, and U 10 J; 9 dB, GTE GRE 48 dB, GRS GTS 19 dB, US U S E calculate the transmission gain [ ], the interference levels [I1] and [I2], and the equivalent temperature rise overall. Using Eq. (13.14) gives [URS] 50 48 19 200 Solution
183 dBJ Using Eq. (13.15) gives [URE] 60 19 48 196 189 dBJ Therefore, [ ] 189 6 dB ( 183) Interference
From Eq. (13.10), [I1] 60 9 25 196 222 dBJ From Eq. (13.12), [I2] 50 25 9 200 216 dBJ From Eq. (13.11), [ TE ] 222 6.6 dBK From Eq. (13.13), [ TS] 216 228.6 228.6 or TE 4.57 K
12.6 dBK From Eq. (13.17), [ TS
12.6 or TS
6.6 dBK
4.57 K The resulting equivalent noisetemperature rise at the earthstation E receive antenna output is 4.57 4.57 9.14 K. 13.4.4 Coordination criterion
CCIR Report 454 3 (1982) specifies that the equivalent noisetemperature rise should be no more than 4 percent of the equivalent thermal noise temperature of the satellite link. The equivalent thermal noise temperature is defined in the CCIR Radio Regulations, App. 29. As an example, the CCIR Recommendations for FM Telephony allows up to 10,000 pW0p total noise in a telephone channel. The abbreviation pW0p stands for picowatts at a zerolevel test point, psophometrically weighted, as already defined in connection with Table 13.1. The 10,000pW0p total includes a 1000pW0p allowance for terrestrial station interference and 1000 pW0p for interference from other satellite links. Thus the thermal noise allowance is 10,000 2000 8000 pW0p. Four percent of this is 320 pW0p. Assuming that this is over a 3.1kHz bandwidth, the spectrum density is 320/3100 or approximately 0.1 pJ0p (pW0p/Hz). In decibels, this is 130 dBJ. This is output noise, and to Thirteen
relate it back to the noise temperature at the antenna, the overall gain of the receiver from antenna to output, including the processing gain, discussed in Sec. 9.6.3, must be known. For illustration purposes, assume that the gain is 90 dB, so the antenna noise is 130 90 220 dBJ. The noisetemperature rise corresponding to this is 220 228.6 8.6 dBK. Converting this to kelvins gives 7.25 K. 13.4.5 Noise power spectral density
The concept of noise power spectral density was introduced in Sec. 12.5 for a flat frequency spectrum. Where the spectrum is not flat, an average value for the spectral density can be calculated. To illustrate this, the very much simplified spectrum curve of Fig. 13.10 will be used. The maximum spectrum density is flat at 3 W/Hz from 0 to 2 kHz and then slopes linearly down to zero over the range from 2 to 8 kHz. The noise power in any given bandwidth is calculated as the area under the curve, the width of which is the value of the bandwidth. Thus, for the first 2 kHz, the noise power is 3 W/Hz 2000 6000 W. From 2 to 8 kHz, the noise power is 3 (8 2) 1000/2 9000 W. The total power is therefore 15,000 W, and the average spectral density is 15,000/8000 1.875 W/Hz. The noise power spectral density over the worst 4kHz bandwidth must include the highest part of the curve and is therefore calculated for the 0 to 4kHz band. The power over this band is seen to be the area of the rectangle 3 W/Hz 4 kHz minus the area of the triangle shown dashed in Fig. 13.10. The power over the 0 to 4kHz band is therefore (3 4000) (3 2) (4 2) 1000/2 11,000 W, and the spectral density is 11,000/4000 2.75 W/Hz. The units for spectral power density are often stated as watts per hertz (W/Hz). Expressed in this manner the units are descriptive of the way in which the power spectral density is arrived at. In terms of fundamental units, watts are equivalent to joules per second and hertz to cycles per second or simply seconds 1, since cycles are a dimensionless Power spectrum density curve (see Sec. 13.4.5).

