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how to create barcode in vb.net 2008 E c o n o m i c a n d S o c i a l I n t e re s t s i n t h e Wo r k p l a c e in Software
E c o n o m i c a n d S o c i a l I n t e re s t s i n t h e Wo r k p l a c e Code 128C Reader In None Using Barcode Control SDK for Software Control to generate, create, read, scan barcode image in Software applications. Make Code128 In None Using Barcode drawer for Software Control to generate, create Code 128 Code Set B image in Software applications. (1) Hours per unit 1 2 2 1/ 2 3 Total
Code 128 Scanner In None Using Barcode decoder for Software Control to read, scan read, scan image in Software applications. Painting Code 128 In Visual C#.NET Using Barcode printer for .NET framework Control to generate, create Code 128B image in .NET applications. (2) Units observed 100 200 400 300 1000
USS Code 128 Creator In .NET Using Barcode printer for ASP.NET Control to generate, create Code128 image in ASP.NET applications. Code128 Creator In VS .NET Using Barcode maker for VS .NET Control to generate, create Code 128A image in Visual Studio .NET applications. (3) Expected probability 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.3 1.00
Code 128C Creation In VB.NET Using Barcode generator for Visual Studio .NET Control to generate, create Code 128 Code Set B image in Visual Studio .NET applications. Encoding EAN / UCC  13 In None Using Barcode creation for Software Control to generate, create EAN13 image in Software applications. (4) Expected hours 0.1 0.4 1.0 0.9 2.4
Bar Code Encoder In None Using Barcode generator for Software Control to generate, create bar code image in Software applications. Print Barcode In None Using Barcode maker for Software Control to generate, create barcode image in Software applications. (5) Expected cost at $5 $0.50 2.00 5.00 4.50 $12.00
Painting Data Matrix 2d Barcode In None Using Barcode generation for Software Control to generate, create ECC200 image in Software applications. USS128 Printer In None Using Barcode encoder for Software Control to generate, create GS1 128 image in Software applications. TABLE 11.4 Objective Probability and Expected Values
Creating USS 93 In None Using Barcode maker for Software Control to generate, create USD3 image in Software applications. GS1  12 Recognizer In C# Using Barcode decoder for VS .NET Control to read, scan read, scan image in VS .NET applications. The objective probabilities in column (3) are used to accumulate the expected directlabor hours in column (4) [column (3) times column (1)]. The expected past figures in column (5) are found by multiplying the labor rate of $5.00 an hour by the expected hours in column (4). The totals in column (4) and (5) are expected values the average directlabor hours per unit and directlabor cost per unit that can be expected on the basis of past production experience. Bar Code Creator In Java Using Barcode generation for Android Control to generate, create bar code image in Android applications. Making GTIN  128 In ObjectiveC Using Barcode generator for iPad Control to generate, create EAN 128 image in iPad applications. Subjective Probability
UPC A Creator In .NET Framework Using Barcode encoder for Reporting Service Control to generate, create UPC A image in Reporting Service applications. Drawing Bar Code In None Using Barcode printer for Excel Control to generate, create barcode image in Office Excel applications. Subjective probability is not based on observation of past events. It is a manager s estimate of the likelihood that certain events will occur in the future. Assume that a sales budget is being prepared. The manager estimates that chances are even (0.5) that sales will be the same as last year 1000 units. The probability of selling 1100 units is estimated to be 0.25 and the probability of selling 1200 units, 0.15. The manager estimates there is a 1in10 chance of selling 1300 units. The expected sales, based on these estimates of the future, are calculated in Table 11.5. The resulting figure for expected sales, 1085, can be used in the sales budget. 2D Barcode Printer In C#.NET Using Barcode encoder for Visual Studio .NET Control to generate, create Matrix Barcode image in .NET framework applications. Read UPC Symbol In Java Using Barcode decoder for Java Control to read, scan read, scan image in Java applications. (1) Sales in units 1000 1100 1200 1300 (2) Subject probability 0.5 0.25 0.15 0.10 1.00 TABLE 11.5
Expected Sales
(3) Expected sales, (2) (1) 500 275 180 130 1085 Eleven
Notice that use of probabilities enables the manager to reduce a range of values to a single value. The manager can still retain for later reference the original data used to make the estimate. The use of probability measures, together with the data a manager must accumulate, helps deal with the uncertainty that is characteristic of every business operation. Capital Budget
Capital is invested in a fixed asset only if the asset is expected to bring in enough profit to (1) recover the cost of the equipment and (2) provide a reasonable return on the investment. The purpose of a capital budget analysis is to provide a sound basis for deciding whether the asset under consideration will in fact do this if it is purchased. The following elements must be considered in managing a capital budget decision: The cost of the fixed asset The expected net cash flow provided by use of the asset The opportunity of investing funds in capital equipment The present value Cost of the Fixed Asset
The cost of the fixed asset is usually comprised of the purchase price, transportation, and installation cost of the asset. However, buying the asset may mean that other investments will have to be made additional inventories, for example. If so, these too should be included as part of the total investment outlay. 11.4.6 The Expected Net Cash Flow
The net cash flow may be either (1) the cash cost savings or (2) the increased sales revenue minus the increased cash costs due to using the new asset. No deduction for depreciation is made in calculating cash flow. Opportunity Cost
Opportunity cost is the return that the business could realize by investing the money in the best alternative investment. For example, if the best alternative is to place the money in a savings account that pays 5 percent annually, the opportunity cost is 5 percent on the amount of the investment. 11.4.8 The Present Value
Scientific capital budgeting is based on the concept of present value for example, $1.00 put in a savings account at 5 percent interest will E c o n o m i c a n d S o c i a l I n t e re s t s i n t h e Wo r k p l a c e
be worth $1.05 at the end of one year, $1.1025 at the end of the second year, and $1.1576 at the end of the third year.* Suppose an opportunity to invest some money with the expectation of receiving $1.1576 (including the amount invested and the interest or other income) at the end of the third year. Investment must not be more than $1.00, because the present value of $1.1576 to be received three years hence is $1.00 (based on the best alternative investment at 5 percent). *First year: Second year: Third: $1.00 + 0.05 ($1.00) = 1.05 $1.00 = $1.05 1.05 (1.05 $1.00) = 1.052 $1.00 = $1.1025 1.05 (1.052 $1.00) = 1.053 $1.00 = $1.1576 This present value is found by discounting the expected future value by the opportunity cost rate. This is accomplished by reversing the process for finding a future value, as follows: $1.1576 1.053 = $1.00 or, in general terms, Present value = value n years hence (1 + discount rate)n Table 11.6 shows another way of applying the presentvalue concept to capital expenditure decisions. Consider an investment of $6.50 in an asset that would yield the amounts shown in Table 11.6 if placed in a savings account at 5 percent. At the end of five years, the amounts received from the asset investment would total $7.00 (including the salvage value of the asset), whereas the savings account would be worth $6.50 1.053, or $7.52. Therefore, the $6.50 should not be invested in the asset. The presentvalue analysis in column (4) of Table 11.6 shows that the present value of the asset investment is $6.30, which is 20 cents less than the amount that would be invested. In other words, the value of the investment opportunity is minus 20 cents. If the amount

