vb.net barcode generator Softswitch Economics in Software

Create QR Code JIS X 0510 in Software Softswitch Economics

Softswitch Economics
Reading QR Code ISO/IEC18004 In None
Using Barcode Control SDK for Software Control to generate, create, read, scan barcode image in Software applications.
QR Generation In None
Using Barcode drawer for Software Control to generate, create QR Code ISO/IEC18004 image in Software applications.
Figure 11-5 The components of softswitch are distributed.
QR Code 2d Barcode Reader In None
Using Barcode recognizer for Software Control to read, scan read, scan image in Software applications.
Encoding QR In Visual C#
Using Barcode drawer for .NET Control to generate, create QR image in .NET framework applications.
11
QR Encoder In .NET Framework
Using Barcode generator for ASP.NET Control to generate, create QR Code JIS X 0510 image in ASP.NET applications.
Generating QR Code In Visual Studio .NET
Using Barcode creation for .NET Control to generate, create QR Code ISO/IEC18004 image in .NET applications.
Softswitch Architecture Components
QR Code Maker In VB.NET
Using Barcode creator for .NET framework Control to generate, create Quick Response Code image in .NET framework applications.
Encode Bar Code In None
Using Barcode maker for Software Control to generate, create bar code image in Software applications.
Feature/Application Server SIP Signaling Gateway
Making European Article Number 13 In None
Using Barcode printer for Software Control to generate, create GS1 - 13 image in Software applications.
UPC-A Generator In None
Using Barcode maker for Software Control to generate, create Universal Product Code version A image in Software applications.
SGCP
Create Bar Code In None
Using Barcode creation for Software Control to generate, create barcode image in Software applications.
Drawing Code 3/9 In None
Using Barcode drawer for Software Control to generate, create Code-39 image in Software applications.
Softswitch MGCP Media Gateway
Generate MSI Plessey In None
Using Barcode drawer for Software Control to generate, create MSI Plessey image in Software applications.
Linear Creation In VB.NET
Using Barcode creator for VS .NET Control to generate, create Linear image in .NET framework applications.
Figure 11-6 A distributed architecture enables the dispersal of softswitch solution components that can lower real estate costs.
Printing UPC A In Java
Using Barcode drawer for Java Control to generate, create UPC Symbol image in Java applications.
Drawing Barcode In Java
Using Barcode generator for Android Control to generate, create barcode image in Android applications.
Media Gateway Controller Denver with mirror site in Seattle SS7 IP IP Network IP
Painting Matrix Barcode In .NET
Using Barcode generator for VS .NET Control to generate, create Matrix 2D Barcode image in .NET applications.
Generate Code 128 Code Set B In .NET
Using Barcode creator for Reporting Service Control to generate, create Code 128 Code Set A image in Reporting Service applications.
SS7 Gateway Chicago
Drawing USS Code 128 In Java
Using Barcode generation for Android Control to generate, create Code-128 image in Android applications.
Encode Matrix Barcode In .NET
Using Barcode printer for ASP.NET Control to generate, create Matrix Barcode image in ASP.NET applications.
Media Gateway Seattle IP
Media Gateway Washington, D.C.
Application Server Los Angeles
Media Gateway Dallas
Economic and Regulatory Issues Concerning Softswitch
In its April 10, 1998 Report to Congress, the FCC determined that phoneto-phone IP telephony is an enhanced service and is not a telecommunications service. The important distinction here is that telecommunications service providers are liable for access charges to local service providers both at the originating and terminating ends of a long-distance call. A telecommunications service provider must also pay into the Universal Service
Downloaded from Digital Engineering Library @ McGraw-Hill (www.digitalengineeringlibrary.com) Copyright 2004 The McGraw-Hill Companies. All rights reserved. Any use is subject to the Terms of Use as given at the website.
Softswitch Economics
Softswitch Economics
Fund. Long-distance providers using VoIP (and by inference, softswitch) avoid paying access and Universal Service fees. Given thin margins on domestic long distance, this poses a significant advantage for phone-tophone IP telephony service providers.13 The possibility that the FCC may rule differently in the future cannot be discounted. Having to pay access fees to local carriers to originate and terminate a call coupled with having to pay into the Universal Service Fund would pose a significant financial risk to the business plan of a softswitchequipped, VoIP, long-distance service provider. Just as international longdistance bypass providers used VoIP to bypass international accounting rates and make themselves more competitive than circuit-switched carriers, softswitch-equipped VoIP carriers can make themselves more competitive in the domestic market by bypassing access charges and avoiding paying into the Universal Service Fund. The service provision model set forth in this chapter is strongly affected by the possibility of the FCC reversing itself on phone-to-phone IP telephony. Access fees in North American markets run from about $.01 per minute for origination and termination fees to upwards of $.05 per minute in some rural areas. That is, a call originating in Chicago, for example, would generate an origination fee of $.01 per minute. If the call terminated in Plentywood, Montana, it may generate a $.05 per minute termination fee. This call would generate a total of $.06 per minute in access fees. If the carrier can only charge $.10 per minute, it will reap only $.04 per minute for this call after paying access fees to the generating and terminating local phone service providers. Table 11-4 illustrates the impact on profits and losses for a long-distance service provider that must pay access fees. The impact of the access fees on the net present value of VoIP carriers who are exempt from access fees and non-VoIP carriers is addressed later in this chapter where a service provider generates 25 percent more revenue by virtue of not paying access fees to other carriers. It is possible that the FCC at some point could reverse this ruling and make VoIP carriers pay access fees.
Net Present Value of Softswitch
The net present value is an engineering economics term for determining when the benefit of investing in a new technology outweighs the cost of
Federal Communications Commission Report to Congress, April 10, 1998, paragraphs 88 93.
Downloaded from Digital Engineering Library @ McGraw-Hill (www.digitalengineeringlibrary.com) Copyright 2004 The McGraw-Hill Companies. All rights reserved. Any use is subject to the Terms of Use as given at the website.
Softswitch Economics
Table 11-4 The impact of access fees on long-distance revenues
Retail price (cents per minute) 5 5 5 10 Origination fee 1 1 5 1 Termination fee 1 5 5 1 8 Revenue after access fees 3 1 5
11
Access fees as a percentage of retail price 40 120 200 20
doing so. Consider a service provider who is considering entering the converging market. In order to affect an accurate apples-to-apples comparison in the following problems, it is assumed that the Class-4-equipped carrier uses IP for long-distance transport and is equipped with media gateways to perform the TDM-IP-TDM translations. For the softswitch solution they would have to invest in
Copyright © OnBarcode.com . All rights reserved.