barcode in vb.net 2010 Power and Resonance in Alternating-Current Circuits in Software

Encoder Code39 in Software Power and Resonance in Alternating-Current Circuits

280 Power and Resonance in Alternating-Current Circuits
Code39 Recognizer In None
Using Barcode Control SDK for Software Control to generate, create, read, scan barcode image in Software applications.
ANSI/AIM Code 39 Printer In None
Using Barcode maker for Software Control to generate, create Code-39 image in Software applications.
Resonant Devices
Code 39 Reader In None
Using Barcode decoder for Software Control to read, scan read, scan image in Software applications.
Code 39 Full ASCII Generator In Visual C#.NET
Using Barcode drawer for .NET Control to generate, create Code 3/9 image in .NET framework applications.
Resonant circuits often consist of coils and capacitors in series or parallel, but there are other kinds of hardware that exhibit resonance. Some of these are as follows.
Code 3/9 Encoder In Visual Studio .NET
Using Barcode maker for ASP.NET Control to generate, create Code 3/9 image in ASP.NET applications.
Drawing Code-39 In VS .NET
Using Barcode drawer for Visual Studio .NET Control to generate, create ANSI/AIM Code 39 image in .NET applications.
Piezoelectric Crystals Pieces of quartz, when cut into thin wafers and subjected to voltages, will vibrate at high frequencies. Because of the physical dimensions of such a piezoelectric crystal, these vibrations occur at a precise frequency fo, and also at whole-number multiples of fo. These multiples, 2fo, 3fo, 4fo, and so on, are called harmonic frequencies or simply harmonics. The frequency fo is called the fundamental frequency or simply the fundamental. The fundamental, fo, is defined as the lowest frequency at which resonance occurs. Quartz crystals can be made to act like LC circuits in electronic devices. A crystal exhibits an impedance that varies with frequency. The reactance is zero at fo and the harmonic frequencies. Cavities Lengths of metal tubing, cut to specific dimensions, exhibit resonance at very high, ultrahigh, and microwave radio frequencies. They work in much the same way as musical instruments resonate with sound waves. But the waves are electromagnetic, rather than acoustic. Such cavities, also called cavity resonators, have reasonable physical dimensions at frequencies above about 150 MHz. Below this frequency, a cavity can be made to work, but it is long and unwieldy. Like crystals, cavities resonate at a fundamental frequency fo, and also at harmonic frequencies. Sections of Transmission Line When a transmission line is cut to 1 4 wavelength, or to any whole-number multiple of this, it behaves as a resonant circuit. The most common length for a transmission-line resonator is a 1 4 wavelength. Such a piece of transmission line is called a quarter-wave section. When a quarter-wave section is short-circuited at the far end, it acts like a parallel-resonant LC circuit, and has a high resistive impedance at the resonant frequency fo. When it is open at the far end, it acts as a series-resonant LC circuit, and has a low resistive impedance at fo. In effect, a quarterwave section converts an ac short circuit into an ac open circuit and vice versa, at a specific frequency fo. The length of a quarter-wave section depends on the desired fo. It also depends on how fast the electromagnetic energy travels along the line. This speed is specified in terms of a velocity factor, abbreviated v. The value of v is given as a fraction of the speed of light. Typical transmission lines have velocity factors ranging from about 0.66 to 0.95 (or 66 percent to 95 percent). This factor is provided by the manufacturers of prefabricated lines such as coaxial cable. If the frequency in megahertz is fo and the velocity factor of a line is v, then the length L ft of a quarter-wave section of transmission line, in feet, is given by this formula:
ANSI/AIM Code 39 Printer In VB.NET
Using Barcode creation for VS .NET Control to generate, create Code 39 Full ASCII image in .NET framework applications.
Draw Data Matrix 2d Barcode In None
Using Barcode encoder for Software Control to generate, create ECC200 image in Software applications.
L ft = 246v/fo The length Lm in meters is given by this: L m = 75.0v/fo We use L here to stand for length, not inductance !
Creating UPCA In None
Using Barcode generation for Software Control to generate, create UPC-A Supplement 5 image in Software applications.
Encoding Barcode In None
Using Barcode encoder for Software Control to generate, create barcode image in Software applications.
Resonant Devices 281
Code128 Printer In None
Using Barcode maker for Software Control to generate, create Code 128B image in Software applications.
Generating GS1 128 In None
Using Barcode creation for Software Control to generate, create GTIN - 128 image in Software applications.
17-14 The half-wave,
ISSN Encoder In None
Using Barcode encoder for Software Control to generate, create ISSN - 10 image in Software applications.
Encoding Code 39 In Java
Using Barcode generator for Android Control to generate, create Code 3/9 image in Android applications.
center-fed dipole is a simple and efficient antenna.
Barcode Creation In Objective-C
Using Barcode creation for iPad Control to generate, create barcode image in iPad applications.
Code 128B Encoder In Objective-C
Using Barcode generator for iPad Control to generate, create Code 128 Code Set B image in iPad applications.
Antennas Many types of antennas exhibit resonant properties. The simplest type of resonant antenna, and the only kind that will be mentioned here, is the center-fed, half-wavelength dipole antenna (Fig. 17-14). The length Lft, in feet, for a dipole antenna at a frequency of fo, in megahertz, is given by the following formula:
Code 39 Full ASCII Generator In None
Using Barcode maker for Online Control to generate, create Code 39 Extended image in Online applications.
Encode UCC - 12 In None
Using Barcode printer for Font Control to generate, create UPC A image in Font applications.
L ft = 468/fo This takes into account the fact that electromagnetic fields travel along a wire at about 95 percent of the speed of light. A straight, thin wire in free space has a velocity factor of approximately 0.95. If the length of the half-wave dipole is specified in meters as Lm, then: Lm = 143/fo A half-wave dipole has a purely resistive impedance of about 73 at its fundamental frequency fo. But this type of antenna is also resonant at all harmonics of fo. The dipole is a full wavelength long at 2fo; it is 3 2 wavelength long at 3fo; it is two full wavelengths long at 4fo, and so on.
Make UPCA In VB.NET
Using Barcode generator for VS .NET Control to generate, create UCC - 12 image in .NET applications.
GTIN - 128 Generation In None
Using Barcode maker for Online Control to generate, create GS1-128 image in Online applications.
Radiation Resistance At fo and all of the odd harmonics, the antenna behaves like a series-resonant RLC circuit with a fairly low resistance. At all even harmonics, the antenna acts like a parallel-resonant RLC circuit with a high resistance. Does this confuse you There s no resistor in Fig. 17-14! Where, you ask, does the resistance come from in the half-wave dipole The answer to this is rather esoteric, and it brings to light an interesting property that all antennas have. It is called radiation resistance, and is a crucial factor in the design and construction of all RF antenna systems. When electromagnetic energy is fed into an antenna, power is radiated into space in the form of radio waves. This is a manifestation of true power, just as the dissipation of power in a pure resistance is a manifestation of true power. Although there is no physical resistor in Fig. 17-14, the radiation of radio waves is like power dissipation in a pure resistance. In fact, if a half-wave dipole antenna were replaced with a 73- nonreactive resistor that could dissipate enough power without burning out, a radio transmitter connected to the opposite end of the line wouldn t know the difference. (But a receiver would!) Problem 17-14 How many feet long is a quarter-wave section of transmission line at 7.05 MHz, if the velocity factor is 0.800
Copyright © OnBarcode.com . All rights reserved.